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List of China's Provinces

Understand the Chinese Provinces

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China is the world's third largest country, after Russia and Canada. Its political geography is complicated. Encompassing 5 different administrative zones, China has 23 Provinces, 5 Autonomous Regions, 4 Municipalities, 2 Special Administrative Regions (SAR) and 1 Claimed Province.

The following is a list of the provinces in China in alphabetical order. Click through for more information on each region. Taiwan, the twenty-third and claimed province, is listed separately.

1. Anhui Province

Map file courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Capital city: Hefei
Provincial population: 64.6 million
Famous for: Yellow Mountains (Huang Shan) and Jiuhuashan, one of China's 4 Holy Buddhist mountains.
Map: Anhui Province

2. Fujian Province

Map file courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Capital city: Fuzhou
Provincial population: 35.1 million
Famous for: Xiamen (formerly "Amoy"), Gulangyu, Hakka architecture.
Map: Fujian Province

3. Gansu Province

Map file courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Capital city: Lanzhou
Provincial population: 29.2 million
Famous for: Great Wall Jiayuguan Pass, Dunhuang City for Silk Road history and Mogao Grottoes.
Map: Gansu Province

4. Guangdong Province

Map file courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Capital city: Guangzhou
Provincial population: 113 million
Famous for: factories and industry; its capital, Guangzhou (formerly "Canton").
Map: Guangdong Province

5. Guizhou Province

Map file courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Capital city: Guiyang
Provincial population: 39 million
Famous for: large populations of minority peoples such as the Miao, Dong and Buyi.
Map: Guizhou Province

6. Hainan Province

Map file courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Capital city: Haikou
Provincial population: 7.2 million
Famous for: beaches at Yalong Bay
Map: Hainan Province

7. Hebei Province

Map file courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.


Capital city: Shijiazhuang
Provincial population: 68 million
Famous for: Chengde's Qing Dynasty summer palace (UNESCO Cultural World Heritage Site), Great Wall Shanhaiguan Pass, the easternmost end of the Ming-era Great Wall.
Map: Hebei Province

8. Heilongjiang Province

Map file courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Capital city: Harbin
Provincial population: 38.2 million
Famous for: historically being part of Manchuria; Harbin's annual Ice & Snow Festival
Map: Heilongjiang Province

9. Henan Province

Map file courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Capital city: Zhengzhou
Provincial population: 98.7 million
Famous for: the Yellow River area - cradle of Chinese Civilization, Shaolin Temple, the Longmen Grottoes.
Map: Henan Province

10. Hunan Province

Map file courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Capital city: Changsha
Provincial population: 67 million
Famous for: delicious spicy food, Mao Zedong's birth village of Shaoshan Chong, Wulingyuan scenic area.
Map: Hunan Province

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