Introduction – What is Hong Bao?:
Hong Bao (红包) , literally "red envelopes" are the traditional gifts that adults give children. The general idea is that adults with income give children with no income Hong Bao during Chinese New Year. In practice, "children" can even mean young adults who are unmarried.
Children ask for Hong Bao by saying "Gong Xi Fa Cai, Hong Bao Na Lai!" It means Happy New Year! Give me a red envelope! Don't be shocked though, everyone's prepared for this and the givers make arrangements in advance so that when they go visiting, they have the red packets at hand for such occasions.
How Much to Put in a Hong Bao?:
The amount varies but I'm always shocked to hear how much is given to my son's friends. Then again, it's cash – and at Christmas I likely give as much or more in the equivalent of presents. So it's just about what you're used to.Generally speaking, it's ideal to give round numbers or numbers ending in 8. If we're talking in Chinese currency the Renminbi, then 88 (though this is quite a bit low), 188, 288, etc. are good numbers. Also 200, 300, etc. are good. Four is an unlucky number in China so avoid any number that contains a 4.
For many, especially migrant workers who return home to rural communities for their annual holiday, the pressure to produce hong bao for relatives and expensive gifts for parents is high.
When to Give Hong Bao?:
If you are a foreigner living or visiting China during Chinese New Year, and you are a guest at a Chinese person's home during the holiday, then you really won't be expected to give Hong Bao. That said, if you know your hosts have children, then giving them Hong Bao will be a very nice gesture. Find out from other co-workers or friends what an appropriate amount would be.
Hong Bao are also given for weddings and birthdays as well. It's always best to check with local friends to give you advice on how much to give if you find you are in a situation where you should give a hong bao. You don't want to give too little.
Hong Bao and Chinese New Year:
You'll see hong bao used as decoration on just about every Chinese New Year flower and plant that is displayed during the season. These will be empty and only used for decoration. I know because my son checks them all whenever he can reach them.
Buying Hong Bao:
If you need Hong Bao, you can buy them at stationary shops at any time of year. Ask the shop owner or a friend which one to buy so you ensure you don't get one that says "Congratulations on your marriage" for a birthday.